State Election Guide
You are eligible to vote in Florida if you:
- You are a United States citizen
- You are a legal resident of Florida
- You are a legal resident of the county in which you seek to be registered
- You are at least 16 years old to pre-register or at least 18 years old to register and vote
- You have not been declared “non-compos mentis” or “mentally incompetent” by a court of law
- You have not been convicted of a felony or have been convicted but have had your rights restored
You must register to vote at least 29 days before the election you wish to vote in.
- Formerly Incarcerated:
- A felony conviction in Florida for murder or a sexual offense makes a person ineligible to vote in Florida unless and until the person’s right to vote is restored by the State Clemency Board.
- For any other felony conviction in Florida, a person is eligible to register and vote if the person has completed all terms of his or her sentence. Completion of the sentence means:
- Prison or jail time;
- Parole, probation, or other forms of supervision; and
- Payment of the total amount of all fines, fees, costs, and restitution ordered as part of the felony sentence.
Note: Such person may alternatively apply to have their right to vote restored by the State Clemency Board.
- A felony conviction in another state makes a person ineligible to vote in Florida only if the conviction would make the person ineligible to vote in the state where the person was convicted.
- An offense on which a person was not adjudicated guilty does not make a person ineligible to vote.
- A misdemeanor conviction does not make a person ineligible to vote.
- College Students: If away at college, students should register to vote in the county and state where they are a legal resident. What is their legal residence?
- They are the ones to determine and declare the city, county and state in which you claim your legal residence. You may choose to keep your parent’s address as your legal address, or you may wish to designate the city, county or state where your school is located.
- Where do they order their vote by mail ballot?
- From the Supervisor of Elections office in the county they are claiming as their legal residence.
- What if they are home during early voting? Can they vote early?
- If they have kept their home address as their legal residence then, yes, they may participate in early voting. Must be sure to bring a picture and signature ID to vote.
- When will their ballot be mailed from the Florida Supervisor of Elections office?
- Civilian ballots shall be mailed 40 – 33 days prior to election day. Military and Overseas ballots shall be mailed no later than 45 days prior to election day.
- Unhoused Individuals:
- Registering to vote online:
- Registering online requires a Florida license number or state ID number, date of issue of the license or state ID, and the last four digits of a social security number. The form can be found at registertovoteflorida.gov/home.
- If having any of those documents/numbers is an issue, you can still use the online form to prefill a voter registration, but are required to mail a printed form (Registering to Vote by Mail).
- According to Register To Vote Florida, “you also have the option to submit voter registration information online when you renew your driver’s license online through the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles’ online renewal system.”
- Registering to Vote by Mail
- Registering to vote by mail requires filling out this form and mailing it to the Supervisor of Elections for your resident county. The form itself has a chart to find the correct contact information for your county, but the information can also be found on the Florida Department of State’s election website.
- The form asks for a Florida license number or state ID number along with the last four digits of a social security number, but it states, “If you do not have any of these numbers, check ‘None.’ If you leave the field and box blank, your new registration may be denied.”
- The form also requires a resident address — that is not a P.O. box — and a separate mailing address which could be the same.
- According to the National Coalition for the Homeless, Florida allows sheltered and unsheltered residents to register, and recommends sheltered residents to put their shelter as a resident address and mailing address if possible.
- For unsheltered residents, a street crossing — such as “corner of Main Street and Main Drive” — could be put for resident address, and anywhere you could receive mail for the mailing address. Both addresses must be in the same county.
- When Voting by Mail-In Ballot
- If the ballot needs to be mailed to a different address than the one used to register to vote, you’ll have to print and sign a form — which will also be on their website — with the new address to be sent back to the Supervisor of Elections office.
- Registering to Vote In-Person
- According to the Florida Division of Elections, “Paper application forms may be found at any county Supervisor of Elections office, local library, or any entity authorized by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission to issue fishing, hunting, or trapping permits.”
- This also includes any Department of Motor Vehicles office, military recruitment offices, Department of Veteran’s Affairs, Agency for Persons with Disabilities, and Department of Financial Services offices. An exhaustive list can be found here.
- When Voting In-Person
- When going to the polls, Florida requests a valid photo ID with a signature. This could be a driver’s license, state ID, passport, student ID, etc. If the photo ID does not have a signature, they will ask for an additional ID that does.
- If having a form of ID is not possible, Florida still allows you to cast a ballot. According to the Florida Division of Elections, “as long as you are eligible and voted in the proper precinct, your provisional ballot will count provided the signature on your provisional ballot matches the signature in your registration record.”
- The correct polling station to vote at can be found on your county’s Supervisor of Elections website. All the counties and their websites can be found on the Florida Department of State’s website, and your county can be found by checking your registration status here.
- Registering to vote online: